Analisis Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Adaptasi Makhluk Hidup dengan Lingkungannya pada Siswa Kelas V Madrasah Ibtidaiyah

  • Nisa Fitriani IAI Sahid, Bogor
  • Hana Lestari IAI Sahid, Bogor
  • Zulfikar Ismail IAI Sahid, Bogor
Keywords: Adaptation, Environment, Living Things, Madrasah Students

Abstract

One of the 21st century skills that students need to master is problem solving skills. The purpose of this study was to describe the problem solving abilities of fifth grade Madrasah Ibtidaiyah students in science subjects based on Polya rules. This research is a descriptive quantitative research involving 30 grade V students of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Muhammadiyah 01 Ciasmara Pamijahan, Bogor Regency in the 2019/2020 academic year who were taken by purposive sampling. This research instrument is a test of problem-solving ability on environmental pollution material which contains 20 question items. The data processing technique was carried out descriptively by calculating the mean and percentage of each item to obtain a description of the student's problem-solving abilities based on Polya's rules. The results of this study indicate that (1) the average problem-solving ability of students in the aspect of understanding the problem is 82.43%, categorized as very good; (2) the average student's problem-solving ability in the aspect of making problem-solving plans was 53.84%, categorized as sufficient; (3) the average student's problem-solving ability in the aspect of implementing the problem-solving plan was 75%, categorized as good; (4) the average student's problem-solving ability at re-checking the solution was 39.42% in the poor category. So it can be concluded that the problem solving of class V Madrasah Ibtidaiyah students on environmental pollution material based on Polya's rules is in the good category with an average percentage of 65%.

 

References

Abdurrahman. (2003). Pendidikan Bagi Anak Berkesulitan Belajar. Rineka Cipta.
Adjie, N. & M. (2007). Pemecahan masalah matematika. UPI.
Aunurrahman. (2011). Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Alfabeta.
Dewiyani. (2008). Mengajarkan Pemecahan Masalah dengan Menggunakan Langkah Polya. STIKOM, 12(2), 2.
Ennis, R. H. (1985). A Logical Basis for Measuring Critical Thinking Skills. University of Illinois.
Ho, K. J. (2002). Analysis ofStrategies for Problem Solving Presented in Elementary School Mathematics Textbooks. Journal of Korea Society of Educational Studies in Mathematics, 4(4), 565–580.
Hudojo, H. (1979). Pengembangan Kurikulum dan Pelaksanaannya di Depan Kelas. Usaha Nasional.
Lestari, H., & Siskandar, R. (2020). Literasi Sains Siswa Melalui Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Blended Learning Dengan Blog. NATURALISTIC: Jurnal Kajian Penelitian Pendidikan, 4(2), 597–604. https://journal.umtas.ac.id/index.php/naturalistic/article/view/769
Muhtarom. (2012). roses Berpikir Siswa Kelas IX Sekolah Menengah Pertama yang Berkemampuan IPA Sedang dalam Memecahkan Masalah. Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.
Nasution. (2011). Media Dalam Pembelajaran. CV. Rajawali.
Partnership. (2015). for 21st Century Learning. P21 Framework Definitions.
Perveen, K. (2012). Effect Of The Problem-Solving Approach On Academic Achievement Of Students In Mathematics At The Secondary Level. Contemporary Issues in Education Research (CIER), 3(3), 9–13.
Polya, G. (1973). How to Solve It. Princeton University Press.
Prayoga, S. dan T. (2015). Pemodelan Pengajaran Fisika melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Inkuiri untuk Siswa di Indonesia.
Qayumi, S. (2001). No TitlePiaget and His Role in Problem Based Learning. Journal of Investigative Surgery, 14(2), 63–65.
Riyani. (2014). Pengaruh Gaya Belajar Siswa Terhadap Prestasi Belajar. Kependidikan, 44(22), 168–174.
Rudtin, N. A. (2013). Penerapan Langkah Polya dalam Model Problem Based Instruction untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Siswa Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Persegi Panjang. Elektronik Pendidikan Matematika Tadulako, 1(1).
Ruseffendi, E. T. (1991). Penelitian Pendidikan dan Hasil Belajar Siswa dalam Pengajaran. Tarsito.
Sugiyono. (2008). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Alpabeta.
Sumarmo, U. (2006). Kemandirian Belajar: Apa, Mengapa dan Bagaimana Dikembangkan pada Peserta Didik. Pendidikan FPMIPA UPI.
Trna, Josef., Trnova, Eva., Sibor, J. (2012). Implementation of Inquiry-Based Science Education in Science Teacher Training. Of Educational and Instructional Studies In The World, 2(3), 199–209.
van Someren, M.W, Yvonne, F.B, dan Jacobijn, A. C. S. (1994). The Think Aloud Method: A Pratical Guide to Modelling Cognitive Processes. Academic Press.
Wardhani. (2008). Penilitian Tindakan Kelas. Universitas Terbuka.
Yasin, R.M., Halim, LandIshar, A. (2012). Effects of Problem-solving Strategies in the Teaching and Learning of Engineering Drawing Subject. Asian Social Science, 8(16), 65–79.
Published
2020-10-24
How to Cite
Fitriani, N., Lestari, H., & Ismail, Z. (2020). Analisis Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Adaptasi Makhluk Hidup dengan Lingkungannya pada Siswa Kelas V Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. El-Mujtama: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 1(1), 21-31. https://doi.org/10.47467/elmujtama.v1i1.166